Bearded dragons are a type of ancient lizard, originally from the deserts of central Australia. "Bearded" refers to a flap of skin under the chin that they extend when disturbed. They are usually even-tempered and seem to tolerate human interaction.
Bearded Dragon Facts
Average Adult Size
up to 24 inches long, half of this being its tail
Average Life Span
3 to 10 years with proper care
Will reach adult size in 1 year, under ideal conditions; upgrade habitat size as your reptile grows.
A well-balanced bearded dragon diet consists of:
70% gut-loaded (recently fed) insects such as crickets, mealworms, roaches and superworms and 30% mixed vegetables and fruit.
Also benefit from being fed a commercial bearded dragon food.
Things to remember when feeding your bearded dragon:
Fresh, clean, chlorine-free water should be available at all times.
In general, juveniles will eat more live food; adults are more apt to eat vegetation.
Sprinkle food with calcium supplement daily and a multi-vitamin supplement once or twice a week.
Vegetables and fruits not eaten within 24 hours should be discarded.
Size - Appropriately sized and shaped habitat to accommodate normal behaviors and exercise. A 20 Long tank is a good beginner size for a baby bearded dragon. Upgrade the habitat as your bearded dragon grows.
Habitat - Provide a hiding area and branches for basking. Maintain less than 50% humidity. Mist as needed.
Substrate - Calci-sand is recommended. Terrarium carpet is also recommended as an alternative substrate.
Temperature - Temperature gradient (100°F for the warm end and 70°F for the cool end). Use an incandescent light or ceramic heater as primary heat source.
Lighting - UVB rays with full spectrum lighting for 10 to 12 hours a day is required. An incandescent day bulb can be used for basking area during daylight hours only; can use a ceramic heater or nocturnal bulb at all hours.
Tolerates handling and interaction with humans.
Will spend part of the day in a hiding spot in its habitat.
Male bearded dragons are territorial and should be housed separately.
Do not house different reptile species together.
Thoroughly clean and disinfect the habitat at least once a week: place bearded dragon in a secure habitat; scrub the tank and furnishings with a 3% bleach solution; rinse thoroughly with water, removing all traces of bleach smell; dry the tank and furnishings completely and add clean substrate.
Grooming & Hygiene
Bearded dragons regularly shed their skin; ensure humidity of habitat is at appropriate level to allow proper shedding. To facilitate shedding, bathe in a large container that allows the bearded dragon to immerse its entire body, or provide a shed box, a hide box with sphagnum moss, that will aid in the shedding process.
Signs of a Healthy Animal
Active and alert
Does not hide for a long time
Droppings are firm, not runny
weight loss or decreased appetite
mucus in mouth or nose
bumps, sores, or abrasions on skin
paralysis of limbs
If you notice any of these signs, contact your veterinarian.
Common Health Issues
Symptoms or Causes
Health Issue Gastro-intestinal disease
Symptoms or Causes Runny stools, caked or smeared stool around the vent area and loss of appetite caused by bacterial or parasitic infection.
Suggested Action Consult your veterinarian.
Health Issue Metabolic bone/vitamin deficiency
Symptoms or Causes Inability to absorb calcium due to insufficient UVB light or improper amounts of calcium/vitamin D. If untreated, can lead to a disorder characterized by deformities, softened bones, swollen limbs and lethargy.
Suggested Action Consult your veterinarian and provide ample UVB lighting and the proper amount of calcium/vitamin supplements.
Health Issue Respiratory disease
Symptoms or Causes Labored breathing and mucus in the mouth or nose. Can be caused by a habitat that is too cold or damp.
Suggested Action Consult your veterinarian and ensure habitat is the proper temperature.
Ask an associate about Petco's selection of books on bearded dragons and the variety of private brand products available for the care and happiness of your new pet. All private brand products carry a 100% money-back guarantee.
Because all reptiles are potential carriers of infectious diseases, such as Salmonella, always wash your hands before and after handling your reptile or habitat contents to help prevent the potential spread of disease.
Pregnant women, children under the age of 5, senior citizens and people with weakened immune systems should contact their physician before purchasing or caring for reptiles and should consider not having a reptile as a pet.
Go to the Centers for Disease Control at cdc.gov/healthypets for more information about Lizards and disease.
This care sheet can cover the needs of other species.
Note: The information in this Care Sheet is not a substitute for veterinary care. If you need additional information, please refer to the sources on the following page or contact your veterinarian as appropriate.
Developed with and approved by a qualified veterinarian.