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Small Hookbill

includes caique, myers, pionus, red-shouldered, red-bellied, and senegal parrots

Friendly and affectionate birds, each small hookbill has unique personality traits depending on the species.

Small Hookbill

Small Hookbill Facts

Average Adult Size 8 to 12 inches, head to end of tail, depending on species
Average Life Span 15 to 30+ years depending on species
Diet herbivores

Bird pet parents should avoid non-stick cookware and appliances as they can release fumes hazardous to your bird's health.

Diet

A well-balanced small hookbill diet consists of:

  • Specialized pellets should make up 60 to 70% of diet, plus fresh vegetables, fruits and small amounts of fortified seeds.
  • Clean, fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water, changed daily.
  • Do not feed birds avocado, fruit seeds, chocolate, caffeine or alcohol as these can cause serious medical conditions. Avoid sugar and high fat treats.

Feeding

Things to remember when feeding your small hookbill:

  • Fresh food and water should always be available.
  • Vegetables and fruits not eaten within a few hours should be discarded.
  • Treats should not exceed 10% of total food intake.

Housing

  • Small hookbills acclimate well to average household temperatures, not to drop below 65°F or to exceed 80°F; be cautious of extreme temperature changes. The habitat should be placed off the floor in an area that is well-lit and away from drafts.
  • A habitat, approximately 24"W x 24"D x 30"H (caique, senegal, red-bellied and myers parrots) or 30"W x 30"D x 36"H (redshouldered and pionus parrots), with metal bars spaced no greater than 3/4" apart, makes a good home for one small hookbill. It is best to provide the largest habitat possible.
  • Perches should be at least 9" long and 1/2" in diameter; a variety of perch sizes to exercise feet and help prevent arthritis is recommended.
  • A metal grate over the droppings tray will keep the bird away from droppings; line the droppings tray with habitat paper or appropriate substrate for easier cleaning. To avoid contamination, do not place food or water containers under perches.
  • Small hookbills can be kept alone to bond with pet parent or in pairs to bond with each other. Different types of birds should not be housed together.

Normal Behavior

  • These birds need human daily interaction.
  • Some species can be quiet and shy, others can be playful and loud.
  • Provide foraging toys, which provide important mental stimulation.

Habitat Maintenance

  • Clean and disinfect the habitat and perches regularly with a 3% bleach solution; replace substrate or habitat liner weekly or more often as needed.
  • Replace perches, dishes, and toys when worn or damaged; rotate new toys into the habitat regularly.
  • Ensure that there are no habitat parts or toys with lead, zinc or lead-based paints or galvanized parts as these can cause serious medical issues if ingested by your bird.
  • Do not use a lot of cleaning agents around your bird as the fumes can be harmful. It is recommended to use a natural cleaning product.

Grooming & Hygiene

  • Mist the bird with fresh, chlorine-free, lukewarm water.
  • Clipping flight feathers, when done correctly, can help prevent injury or escape; consult an avian veterinarian on what is best for your bird.
  • Nails should be trimmed by a qualified person to prevent injury to the bird.

Health

Signs of a Healthy Animal

  • Active, alert, and sociable
  • Eats and drinks throughout the day
  • Dry nares and bright, dry eyes
  • Beak, legs and feet normal in appearance
  • Clean, dry vent
  • Smooth, well-groomed feathers

Red Flags

  • beak swelling or accumulations
  • fluffed, plucked, or soiled feathers
  • sitting on floor of habitat
  • wheezing or coughing
  • runny or discolored stools
  • favoring one foot when not sleeping
  • eye or nasal discharge
  • red or swollen eyes
  • loss of appetite

Common Health Issues

Health Issue Symptoms or Causes Suggested Action
Health Issue Chlamydiosis Symptoms or Causes Appetite loss, fluffed feathers, nasal discharge, lime green feces and conjunctivitus. Suggested Action Seek immediate avian veterinary attention.
Health Issue Diarrhea Symptoms or Causes Fecal portion of stool not formed. Multiple causes, from change in diet to internal parasites. Suggested Action Consult your veterinarian and ensure proper diet.
Health Issue Feather plucking Symptoms or Causes Bird plucks own feathers. May be due to boredom, poor diet or other illness. Suggested Action Consult your veterinarian and relieve boredom with attention, new toys, or more room.
Health Issue Polyoma virus Symptoms or Causes Anorexia, lethargy, weight loss, sudden death. Suggested Action Seek immediate avian veterinary attention.
Health Issue Psittacine beak and feather disease Symptoms or Causes Abnormal feather color, feather loss, beak deformities. Suggested Action Seek immediate avian veterinary attention.

Sources

Ask a store partner about Petco's selection of books on small hookbills and the variety of private brand products available for the care and happiness of your new pet. All private brand products carry a 100% money-back guarantee.

Because all birds are potential carriers of infectious diseases, such as Chlamydiosis, always wash your hands before and after handling your bird or habitat contents to help prevent the potential spread of disease.

Pregnant women, children under the age of 5, senior citizens and people with weakened immune systems should contact their physician before purchasing or caring for birds and should consider not having a bird as a pet.

Go to cdc.gov/healthypets for more information about birds and disease.

This care sheet can cover the care needs of other species.

Note: The information in this Care Sheet is not a substitute for veterinary care. If you need additional information, please refer to the sources on the following page or contact your veterinarian as appropriate.

Developed with and approved by a qualified veterinarian.