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Guinea Pig

cavia porcellus
  • These animals are crepuscular, which means they tend to be most active around dawn and dusk.
  • Unlike most rodents, guinea pigs are born with their eyes fully open, a full coat of fur and developed teeth.
  • At birth, a guinea pig can walk immediately.
  • Guinea pigs are indigenous to South America.
  • Guinea pigs are also referred to as "cavies."
  • When excited, guinea pigs may repeatedly perform little hops in the air, also known as "popcorning."
  • Guinea pigs communicate through a series of squeaks, chirps and purrs.
  • A female guinea pig is called a "sow" and a male is called a "boar."
  • Guinea pigs can live up to 10 years!
  • There are four basic types of domestic guinea pigs, which can be identified by their hair type.
    1. American/English: short, smooth coat or hair.
    2. Abyssinian: rough coat with hair that swirls in rosettes.
    3. Peruvian: straight hair that is long and silky.
    4. Teddy Bear: dense, rough coat. Similar to Abyssinians, but without the rosettes.
  • Guinea pigs are born with teeth. Their teeth constantly grow throughout their lifetime.
  • Although they are called "guinea pigs," they are not closely related to pigs. They are named for their short, robust body and piggish appearance. "Guinea" refers to Guyana, a country within their natural range.
  • A guinea pig’s average core temperature ranges from 99 to 103°F