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Dog Spaying and Neutering
Along with a high-quality food and appropriate veterinary care, spaying or neutering can have a positive impact on the quality and length of your dog's life.
Males are neutered, meaning the testicles are surgically removed. This is a commonly performed procedure. Your dog can usually go home the same day and return to regular activities within a few days.
Females are spayed, which surgically removes their ovaries and uterus. Surgery is more involved for females, since an incision is made in their abdomen. Females also usually come home within 24 hours, have limited activity until the stitches start to heal (for two or three days) and then return to regular activities within a week to 10 days. These procedures are painful and post-operative pain medication should be prescribed by your dog's veterinarian to control the pain after these surgeries.
Depending on the breed, most dogs can be altered as young as four months. Females should be spayed before their first heat.
Low cost spay/neuter clinics are available in every community. Contact your local Petco or animal shelter or ask your veterinarian for names of clinics near you.
Why spay or neuter?
Prevent pet overpopulation:
There are thousands of animals in shelters and rescues across the country that are waiting for someone to adopt them. Spaying or neutering your pet helps prevent unwanted litters of puppies and gives the animals at the shelters and rescues a better chance of finding their forever home.
Fewer behavior problems:
Intact dogs dig out of yards, jump fences and run from home more often than altered dogs. Male dogs can smell a female in heat at a great distance away. Neutered males are also less likely to mark their territory.
Altered male dogs are less aggressive toward other dogs than intact males. Altered females are also less aggressive, since a mother may become aggressive if she thinks her puppies are threatened.
Lower license fees:
Animal Control facilities in most cities offer low-cost licenses for altered dogs.
Female dogs are at risk for mammary or uterine cancer. Male dogs often get testicular or prostate cancer. These risks are reduced or eliminated as soon as your dog is altered. They are also less likely to escape your yard and get injured while running loose.
Females do not go into heat:
Female dogs in heat may leave messy stains on your furniture and carpet. Heat "seasons" can last up to three weeks, twice a year. The scent of a female in heat can attract males from a great distance.
"My dog won't be able to hunt as well."
Neutering has no effect on your dog's ability and instinct to hunt. Your dog will actually be less distracted by other dogs and better able to concentrate on work.
"Altering makes them fat and lazy."
Overeating makes dogs fat and lazy, not spaying or neutering. There are lots of overweight intact dogs out there. Your dog will be healthy and live longer when altered.
"I want my kids to experience the miracle of birth, and puppies are so much fun" or "We want to keep a puppy."
Pregnancy is not risk-free. Are you willing to risk losing the mother dog? Are you willing to do the work to find responsible homes for every puppy she produces? If the new pet parents discover they are unable to keep their puppy, are you willing to take it back and find it a new home? A dog is a big responsibility. A litter of dogs multiplies that responsibility and the work. There are thousands of dogs and puppies euthanized every year.
"My dog's too old."
Your dog is almost never too old for spay/neuter surgery. Unless your veterinarian finds a health reason to avoid surgery, go ahead and have it done. You can always combine the procedure with another one, such as teeth-cleaning, to reduce down-time for your pet and possibly reduce cost.