Cat-Proofing Your Home
basic feline care
"Curiosity killed the cat" is not just an old wives' tale. Cats are notorious for getting into small places and getting stuck, or eating odd things and getting sick. Take a cat's-eye tour of your house and yard and make some changes to keep your cat safe. You may think your home is your castle, but in reality, it's your cat's jungle. Here are some of the most common hazards for pets and ways to avoid them.
Common household dangers:
Cats love to play with and may eat a ball of yarn or a dangling string. Pick up strings, dental floss, sewing and craft supplies, rubber bands and fishing line. Place them in a drawer out of sight and out of reach. Ingesting strings and threads, especially if the needle is still attached, can result in serious complications requiring immediate veterinarian attention.
Tie up dangling drapery pulls and cords on window blinds. Besides ruining them, your cat could get tangled and be injured. Electrical cords present another irresistible danger. Hide cords from view whenever possible, or spray them with a deterrent (like Bitter Apple or Tabasco sauce).
Cats like to nap in warm, dry places. Shut all doors to washing machines, dryers and dishwashers to avoid trapping the cat when you turn on the appliance.
Use childproof latches to keep your cat out of cupboards where you store potentially dangerous cleaning products.
A burning candle can ignite your cat's fur as they walk by. Use candles only with great caution. Never leave a burning candle unattended.
Check your window screens. You may be surprised to find that some screens can pop out with almost no effort. A cat that climbs out of an upstairs window could be injured in the resulting fall.
The most common household hazard is poisonous plants, such as Dieffenbachia, African violets, azaleas, oleanders, lilies and many more. Provide your cat with a good supply of pet grass to nibble on. You can spray your houseplants with a mixture of Tabasco sauce and water or Bitter Apple to discourage your cat, but the safest strategy is removing the poisonous houseplants altogether.
Many common household products are toxic to cats. Mothballs, fabric softener sheets, batteries and cigarettes are all dangerous.
Some food items common in our homes can also harm cats, such as coffee grounds, onions, yeast dough, tomato leaves and stems, salt, macadamia nuts and alcoholic drinks. Keep these out of reach at all times.
Never treat your cat with flea products or dips meant for dogs. They are too strong and could be fatal. Carefully follow instructions on flea control products and don't combine products without talking to a veterinarian or the manufacturer.
Never give any medications to your cat without consulting your veterinarian. Keep all medications out of reach, and contact your veterinarian or the National Animal Poison Control Center immediately if you believe that your cat has ingested a medication. You can reach the National Animal Poison Control Center at the following number:
ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center:
Toll Free: 888-426-4435
Thump on your car hood before starting your car in cold weather. Many a cat has suffered fatal injuries from sleeping in a warm engine compartment. Close up antifreeze and put it out of reach; the smell is very attractive to both cats and dogs and is fatal if ingested. Check under your car to see if it leaks antifreeze: there will be a greenish puddle on the ground if it does. There are now pet-safe alternative products available.
Lawn and garden chemicals and fertilizers pose a danger too. At the very least, let the chemicals completely dry on your lawn and garden before allowing your cat outside.
If your cat gets paint or stain on their paws and then licks them, your cat could become seriously ill. Call your veterinarian or the National Animal Poison Control Center for instructions on safely removing these substances. Do not use paint thinner on your cat's coat.
Keep mousetraps, ant poison and mouse poison where your cat can't reach them. Set traps and poisons carefully, or keep your cat completely out of the area. Remember where you put them, and remove them as soon as they are no longer needed. Keep the empty package so you can tell the veterinarian exactly what your pet ate if you have to call in an emergency
A Christmas tree is covered with dangerous cat "toys." Tinsel, ribbons, ornaments, hooks, garland and blinking lights are all big temptations. A deterrent around the base of the tree will help keep your cat away. Hang hazardous ornaments on the high branches (assuming your cat can't climb the tree!). Spray ornaments with repellent spray or Bitter Apple, or place tin foil on the floor around the base of the tree to prevent your cat from getting too close.
Candy, especially chocolate, is toxic to your cat. Don't leave it out to tempt either cats or dogs. Pine needles and poinsettias cause major tummy upset when eaten. Holly and mistletoe are also poisonous.
Table scraps can cause pancreatitis in cats and dogs. Too much fat from greasy turkey or gravy can be fatal. Cooked poultry bones are brittle and can puncture the intestine if swallowed.
Keep your black cat indoors on Halloween to keep them safe.