Why test pH? pH is the measure of acidity of water. A pH reading of 7.0 is neutral. A pH higher than 7.0 is alkaline and a pH lower than 7.0 is acidic. Certain freshwater fish thrive at a pH above 7.0. Livebearers, goldfish and African cichlids prefer a pH of 7.5. Marine fish and invertebrates require a pH between 8.2 to 8.4. Maintaining the aquarium at the proper pH ensures optimal water quality.
Testing Tips: This kit measures pH from 7.4 to 8.8 in either fresh or saltwater aquariums. Artificial salt water should have a pH of 8.2. If not, adjustment with API Proper pH 8.2 is recommended. pH adjustment may be required in newly made salt water.
Why test for Ammonia? Tropical fish continually release ammonia (NH3), directly into the aquarium through their gills, urine and solid waste. Uneaten food and other decaying organic matter also add ammonia to the water. A natural mechanism exists that controls ammonia in the aquarium - the biological filter. It is made up of nitrifying bacteria, which live in the gravel bed. However, as with any natural process, imbalances can occur. Testing for the presence of toxic ammonia is essential, so that once detected, steps can be taken to remove it. Otherwise, ammonia in the aquarium will damage gill membranes, and prevent fish from carrying normal respiration. High levels of ammonia quickly lead to fish death. Even trace amounts stress fish, suppressing their immune system and thereby increasing the likelihood of disease outbreaks and subsequent fish loss.
Testing Tips: This salicylate based ammonia test kit reads the total ammonia level in parts per million (ppm) which are equivalent to milligrams per Liter (mg/L) from 0 ppm to 8.0 ppm (mg/L), in either fresh or saltwater aquariums.
Why test for Nitrite? Nitrite (NO2-) is produced in the aquarium by biological filter. Beneficial bacteria in the biological filter convert toxic ammonia into nitrite (also toxic). The biological filter then converts nitrite into nitrate (NO3-). Testing for the presence of toxic nitrite is essential, so that once detected, steps can be taken to remove it. Otherwise, nitrite in the aquarium will prevent fish from carrying on normal respiration. High levels of nitrite quickly lead to fish death. Even trace amounts of nitrite stress fish, suppressing their immune system and, thereby, increase the likelihood of disease and subsequent fish loss.
Testing Tips: This test kit reads total nitrite (NO2-) level in parts per million (ppm) which are equivalent to milligrams per Liter (mg/L) from 0 ppm to 5.0 ppm, in either fresh or saltwater aquariums. Other nitrite test kits that measure "nitrite-nitrogen" (NO2-N) will give readings 3.3 times less than this test kit .
Why test for Nitrate? Nitrate (NO3-) is produced in the aquarium by biological filter. Beneficial bacteria in the biological filter convert toxic ammonia and nitrite into nitrate. A high nitrate level indicates a build-up of fish waste and organic compounds, resulting in poor water quality and contributing to the likelihood of fish disease. Excessive nitrate also provides a nitrogen source that can stimulate algal blooms. In the opinion of many aquarists, maintaining a low nitrate level improves the health of fish and invertebrates.
Testing Tips: This test kit reads total nitrate (NO3-) level in parts per million (ppm) which are equivalent to milligrams per liter (mg/L) from 0 ppm to 160 ppm, in either fresh or saltwater aquariums. This test kit measures nitrate as nitrate ion or "total nitrate." Other nitrate test kits that measure "nitrate-nitrogen" (NO3-N) will give readings 4.4 times less than this test kit.
High Range pH Test
Frequency of Testing: The pH should be tested weekly, since natural materials in the aquarium (such as fish waste and decaying food) can cause pH changes. The minimum pH reading for this kit is 7.4 and the maximum is 8.8. Under the extreme water conditions, reading below the minimum will read 7.4 and above the maximum will read 8.8. pH adjustments outside the range of this kit will not show any changes until the pH of the aquarium water is within the range of this kit.
Monitoring Ammonia Levels: Regular testing is necessary to make sure the ammonia level is safe. Aquarium water should be tested for ammonia every other day when the aquarium is first set up, and once a week after the biological filter has been established (in about 4 to 6 weeks). Detoxifying Ammonia Using Ammo-Lock in Freshwater & Saltwater Aquariums: To detoxify ammonia, use Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Ammo-Lock to instantly lock up ammonia. Ammo-Lock does not remove ammonia, it simply converts toxic ammonia to a non-toxic form. Ammonia test kits will still test positive for ammonia, even though it is non-toxic. The biological filter will then consume the non-toxic ammonia, converting it to nitrite and then to nitrate. Water Changes: Changing 25% of the aquarium water will reduce the ammonia level. In an emergency, a daily water change may be required over several days. Be sure to use a water conditioner like Stress Coat or Ammo-Lock, when adding tap water back into the aquarium. Danger: harmful xn, corrosive c: Bottle # 2 contains sodium hydroxide and sodium hypochlorite. Causes severe burns. Contact with acids liberates toxic gas. Toxic inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. Danger of cumulative effects. Keep locked up and out of reach of children. Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water (at least 15 minutes) and seek medical advice immediately. After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing. Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection. In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible). Do not mix with acidic materials.
Monitoring Nitrite Levels: Regular testing for nitrite is an essential part of routine aquarium maintenance. Aquarium water should be tested for nitrite once a week to make sure the nitrite does not reach undesirable level. Reducing Nitrite in the Aquarium: Partial water changes will lower nitrite in a saltwater aquarium. Use Aquarium Pharmaceuticals StressZyme to help speed up the development of the biological filter.
Ingredients:API Saltwater Master Liquid Test Kit
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