Leashes and collars allow us to take our pets on walks with us. And with proper instruction, your dog will soon learn the proper way to walk on a leash and look forward to the times you go on walks together.

There are about as many leashes and collars in as many colors, materials, sizes and lengths, as there are dogs in the world. There are leashes and collars that are plain and fancy and ones that can even been seen in the dark. It is important to pick the right leash and collar for your dog.


Different lengths can be used for different purposes. Short leashes are primarily used when walking your dog in crowds and longer leashes are normally used for just walking. The extra long leashes are normally used for training purposes.

Flat Nylon Leash: This is the most common type of leash. It is sturdy and strong. These leashes tend to be available in almost any color and length.

Leather Leash: These leashes range from the very plain to the very fancy braided type. Even though these are strong, you want to make sure these leashes do not get wet. Water will cause the leashes to become brittle.

Braided Rope Leashes: Braided rope leashes tend to look like ropes and usually have colorful patterns. Some owners prefer this type because they seem to be easier on the hands.

Metal Link Leashes: This leash is recommended for dogs that tend to chew on their leashes. This leash is not to be used in combination with a training collar.

Flexi-Leads: These leashes are spring loaded, retractable leashes that come in various sizes and lengths. This leash is recommended for letting your dog explore a little while you continue walking.


Like leashes, there are a wide variety of collars to choose from. Your personal preference of material is strictly up to you as an owner. Nylon collars stay clean, but tend to fade somewhat and may easily tear when coming into contact with something sharp. Leather collars are very strong, however, if they get wet, they can become brittle. Leather also tends to pick up smells.

Whichever type you choose, just make sure you have a good fit, not too tight to choke your pet, but not loose enough for your pet to escape. A good rule of thumb is if you can fit two fingers between the collar and your dog, then you probably have a good fit.

Flat Buckle Collars: These collars come in a variety of materials, usually nylon, leather and cloth covered nylon. The buckle fits in holes to provide a good fit for your dog.

Rolled Leather Collars: These collars can help avoid chafing or hair breakage better than flat collars. These also come with a buckle for proper fitting.

Flat Quick Release Collars: These collars are much like the flat buckle collars, but instead of a buckle, they have a quick release snap. These are usually made of nylon and are ideal for quick removal. Most of these collars are adjustable as well.

Braided Nylon Collars: These collars are not particularly sturdy and mostly used when showing a dog. They tighten the same way a training collar does and are not recommended for an everyday collar.

Halter Style Collars: These collars are used primarily for training purposes. This collar goes around the nose and is secured on the neck. The leash is then snapped on under the chin. The leash tension or action is thus on the dog's nose, much like the halter on a horse. This is not a muzzle type leash and should not be confused as one. This leash can help the dog from constantly pulling on the leash and can be helpful to those owners with back problems. You never want to leave these collars on your dog unattended.

Training Collars: This collar is used for correcting the action of your dog. Make sure that the collar is on correctly. With a tug on the leash, the collar should tighten and should loosen as tension is let off. Never leave your dog unattended with one of these collars since they can catch on something and choke your pet. These collars are not recommended for puppies. If you choose to use a training collar, you should seek prior advice from a professional trainer. These types of collars can do damage if used or fitted incorrectly.

Pinch or Prong Collars: These collars are recommended for use in training your dog only. This is used for correcting your dog. There are prongs on the inside of the collar that will tighten around your dog's neck. These collars should not be left on an unattended dog and never on a puppy. If you choose to use a pinch or prong collar, you should seek prior advice from a professional trainer. These types of collars can do damage if used or fitted incorrectly.

Harnesses Collars: These collars are best used on small or delicate dogs. This collar can help avoid neck injuries.

Electronic Collars: These collars should never be used without the help and advice of a professional.